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Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, a federal law, provides funding to states to improve the academic achievement of disadvantaged students. Students in temporary housing are categorically eligible for services under Title I, even if they do not live in a Title I school attendance area or match the academic standards required of other children with Title I eligibility. Beginning in the 2017-2018 academic year, all Local Educational Agencies (LEAs, including school districts, charter schools, and BOCES) must set aside a portion of their Title I, Part A funds to provide services to students in temporary housing. Click on the links below to learn more about Title I support for students in temporary housing.
Find answers to commonly asked questions about using Title I funding for students in temporary housing situations.
This memo discusses the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act and Title I, Part A supports for students in temporary housing, including a list of services and supplies that can be provided with Title I funds, tips for districts in calculating a set-aside, as well as strategies for coordination among school district team members. Please note: this document does not discuss recent updates to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that requires all Local Educational Agencies to set-aside funding for students in temporary housing.
Most of the LEAs receiving Title I, Part A funds must set-aside a portion of those funds to serve students who are homeless. This article, published in the November 2003 edition of the No Child Left Behind Financial Compliance Insider, addresses commonly asked questions about the mandatory set-aside, including how districts may determine how much funding to set aside for students in temporary housing situations. Please note: this document does not include updates to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that require all Local Educational Agencies to set-aside funding for students in temporary housing.
The Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) provides information and resources regarding the use of Title I funds for early education. This page explains how LEAs can use Title I funds for early education, the benefits of using Title I funds for this purpose. It also shares examples of districts that are doing so and provides other resources for districts to improve early education programs.
This chart provides information on the transportation rights of students in temporary housing attending school in New York State. It includes information on available services, the responsible agency, and funding sources when serving students in many different housing situations, including for students attending charter schools.
Laws and Guidance
McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act, Reauthorized by Title IX Part A of the Every Student Succeeds Act [PDF]
This document is the full text of the federal reauthorization of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act under the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which went into effect on October 1, 2016.
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act provides funding to states to improve the academic achievement of disadvantaged students. Sections 1112(b)(1)(0) & 1113 (c)(3)(A) of the ESEA specifically relate to students who are homeless, outlining the need for LEAs to provide a plan describing their services for homeless students and to reserve district funds for homeless students.
March 2017 - Education for Homeless Children and Youth Program: US DOE's Non-Regulatory Guidance [PDF]
On March 2, 2017, the U.S. Department of Education issued updated Non-Regulatory Guidance for the federal Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program. This revised Non-Regulatory Guidance for the McKinney-Vento program replaces the July 2016 Guidance and includes new questions that reflect both the amendments to the McKinney-Vento Act made by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), which take effect on October 1, 2016, and new technical assistance on promising practices for implementing homeless education requirements at the State and local levels. Part M discusses coordination between Title I, Part A and McKinney-Vento services.
In July 2018, U.S. DOE published a letter and addendum to the Non-Regulatory Guidance regarding Title I set-asides for students experiencing homelessness.
August 2015 U.S. Department of Education Letter to Title I State Coordinators and Homeless Education Coordinators
This letter from the Office of Safe and Healthy Students at the U.S. Department of Education to State Title I Coordinators and Homeless Education Coordinators includes information on the reauthorization of the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act for fiscal year 2015. It clarifies how Title I funds may be used to serve students in temporary housing and support the work of homeless liaisons.
June 2014 NYSED Field Memo: Consolidated Appropriations Act and Expansion of Allowable Use of Title I Part A and Set-aside Funds for Students in Temporary Housing [PDF]
This June 30, 2014 guidance memo from the NY State Education Department provided information for Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) about new and expanded authority to use of Title I, Part A funds for services for students in temporary housing. With passage of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2014, Title I funds may now be used to cover the cost of the salary for the McKinney-Vento liaison even if that person has no Title I duties; and transporting students in temporary housing to and from their school of origin. Title I funds may not, however, be used to pay for transportation expenses that are already reimbursed by the State. Please note: this guidance does not include changes made by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) regarding Title I set-aside funds for students in temporary housing. For the 2017-2018 academic year, all LEAs that receive Title I funds must do this set-aside, including LEAs that are 100% Title I and including charter schools.
Housing Questionnaire [Word doc]
All LEAs that receive Title I Funds are required to use a housing questionnaire for students in temporary housing, to ask about students' living arrangements. The purpose of the form is to better identify students experiencing homelessness in the school district.
Upcoming Workshops and Trainings
Stay tuned for our Fall 2018 workshop and training schedule.